How to prevent fires and what to do if they start (21)

Each of us is responsible for his/her behaviour to prevent fires. The Fire Rescue Service of the South Moravian Region in partnership with the Police of the Czech Republic - the city police headquarters of Brno and Diocesan Charity of Brno will give you a piece of advise how to act to prevent fires and will tell you what to do in different types of situations.


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Places of the most frequent occurrence of fires

The most frequently, fires are started in households and in the nature (especially at summer time). Such fires are usually started as a result of human carelessness, breaking fire safety regulations, or incorrect manipulation with open fire. There are also fires started by children.

The most common causes of fire


  • carelessness while cooking (an unattended cooker, flammable materials left close to the cooker, etc.)
  • smoking and cigarette butts left carelessly
  • neglect of heaters and chimney maintenance
  • children's playing with matches
  • wrong manipulation with open fire (when using pyrotechnics, welding, leaving candles close to flammable substances with no attention, and suchlike)
  • storing flammable and other dangerous substances (e.g. petrol) at unsuitable places, and wrong manipulation with them


  • a stroke of lightning
  • burning grass and dry brushwood
  • making open fire at wrong places (under tree branches, out of the designated fireplace, and suchlike)
  • throwing away a cigarette butt in nature (dry grass, forest vegetation)

Other places:

  • smoking at banned places (e.g. petrol station)

How to prevent fires


  • do not leave the sources of open fire (candles) unattended
  • furnish your household with extinguishers and set up fire alarms
  • have your chimney checked and cleaned regularly
  • put out the cigarette butts properly
  • prevent children from the sources of open fire
  • keep your electrical appliances, wiring, gas, heaters, chimneys, and mains in a good technical condition
  • follow instructions for use of electrical appliances, pyrotechnics, and suchlike
  • buy electrical appliances from approved producers
  • store flammable, explosive and toxic substances in reasonable quantity only, and at places out of common rooms of dwelling houses


  • make fire at designated places (fireplace)
  • never burn grass, it is banned
  • do not smoke in nature (especially in the forest) and at places where it is banned

How to act correctly ...

...if you smell smoke at home in the night?

  • protect your airways with a dump piece of cloth if possible (a handkerchief, a T-shirt)
  • move by the ground (cleaner air)
  • do not turn the lights on (especially if you can smell gas)
  • do not open the door (first try with the back of your hand if the door is hot)
  • if the door is hot, do not open it (there can be fire in the next room), but block airholes under the door with a piece of cloth (wet the cloth if possible), call 112 - the emergency line, and wait for the arrival of the rescue team
  • if the door is not hot (there is probably no fire in the next room), gather other members of your family and leave the house together (help also the disabled persons)
  • if your way gets cut off by fire, stay in a safe room, block airholes by a piece of cloth, open the window a little bit, hand a piece of cloth out of the window for the rescue team to let them know where to look for you, and call 112, the emergency line
  • if you are on the ground floor and the fire is blocking your safe way out, you can jump out of the window (pay attention to your safety and before you jump out, see if there are not any tools or other obstacles left, which could cause you an injury)

General rules

  • if you see starting fire, you are obliged to put it out, if you are able to, or make necessary steps to stop its spreading out
  • if you are not able to stop the fire to spread out, try to get as far as possible from it, or possibly help other people and call 112 - the emergency line
  • starting fire is best to be put out by a proper fire extinguisher
  • you are obliged to report every fire, even if you have managed to extinguish it, to a particular Fire Rescue Team (line 112)

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